Nathan Toronto’s research focuses on international security, civil-military relations, and Middle East politics, emphasizing the links between political-economy and peace.

Curriculum Vitae


Military Recruitment (Conscription) Data

Country-year binary conscription data on most countries since 1800, as well as length of initial enlistments (some countries) and whether countries have an active military force or not (all countries)

Data (.csv)  Codebook (.pdf)


Current Book Project

How Militaries Learn: Human Capital, Military Education, and Battlefield Effectiveness: examines how militaries learn using large-n statistical analysis, case studies, and in-depth analysis of the UAE National Defense College.

Access the Military Schools Data Project.



Stability Economics: The Economic Foundations of Security in Post-Conflict Environments, with Daniel G. Cox, eds. (Fort Leavenworth, KS: Combat Studies Institute Press, 2012).


Reviewed Articles

Why Professionalize? Economic Modernization, Security, and Military Professionalism,” Foreign Policy Analysis, vol. 13, no. 4 (October 2017): 854–75.

Data (.dta) Data (.csv) Log (.smcl) Do-file (.do) Appendix (.docx)

I Want You! The Determinants of Military Conscription,” with Victor Asal and Justin Conrad, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 61, no. 7 (August 2017): 1456–81.

Data (.dta) Tables (.do) Appendix (.pdf)

Markets and Manpower: The Political-Economy of Compulsory Military Service,” with Lindsay Cohn, Armed Forces & Society, vol. 43, no. 3 (July 2017): 436–58.

Does Operational Art Exist? Space, Time, and a Theory of Operational Art,” Military Operations, vol. 2, no. 1 (winter 2014): 4–7.

Training Is Not Enough: Economic Development and Military Professionalism in Turkey,” St. Antony’s International Review, vol. 7, no. 1 (May 2011): 119–43.

It’s All the Rage: Why Mechanization Doesn’t Explain COIN Outcomes,” with Niel A. Smith, Small Wars & Insurgencies, vol. 21, no. 3 (September 2010): 519–28.


Selected Publications

Does Military Education Matter?E-International Relations (May 26, 2015).

Brother, Can You Pare a DIME? Towards a New Typology of National Power,” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (March 26, 2015).

What Good Is the Army? Social Bargains, Human Capital, and the Future of Land Warfare,” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (15 April 2013).

Military Magic,” Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (8 March 2013).

Whither the War on Terror?Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (29 January 2013).

Egypt’s Coup-volution,” Middle East Insight, vol. 16 (February 16, 2011).

“Forty Years of COIN: The Israeli Occupation of the Palestinian Territories,” Joint Force Quarterly, issue 50 (3rd Quarter 2008): 79–84.

Where Have All the Bombers Gone?” Institute for Counter Terrorism (April 20, 2008).